Anthrax Disease

Published Date : Oct 2023
Category : Infectious Diseases
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Anthrax Disease Market Insights: Preparedness, Protection, Progression

Anthrax is found all around the earth. It is especially frequent in agricultural areas, where it affects animals. It is more prevalent in undeveloped nations or countries that lack veterinarian public health proposals. Anthrax is recorded more frequently in some parts of the world than others. 

South and Central America, Southern and Eastern Europe, Asia, Africa, the Caribbean, and the Middle East are the regions where it is more frequent. It has been relatively rare in the United States in recent decades and has been restricted to the cutaneous (skin) type as stated by the Health Department of New York State.

Anthrax is predominantly a zoonotic disease that results from the bacteria Bacillus anthracis in herbivores. Humans usually get the infection through diseased animals or by occupational contact with infected or contaminated animal products. Anthrax, on the other hand, is thought to be one of several possible agents for use in biological terrorism.

However, anthrax is found worldwide, with the World Health Organization (WHO) estimating an annual worldwide incidence of anthrax in 2000 to 20,000 cases.

Untreated anthrax infections have a high death rate; in particular, inhalation anthrax is a particularly virulent type of infection with mortality rates close to 100%, despite vigorous treatment stated by NIH.

Although there are a few isolated cases of person-to-person transmission, anthrax in humans is not often thought to be infectious. By producing spores, anthrax bacteria live for a very long time in the environment.

Furthermore, anthrax is divided into 3 common types based on the area of infection. Cutaneous anthrax is an infection of skin by the bacteria which is the most common type of anthrax. NIH states that more than 95% of total cases are of cutaneous anthrax. However, due to advancements in the treatment industry mortality rate has reduced to 3-5% due to cutaneous anthrax.

Moreover, the incidence of other kinds of infection is 12% for anthrax inhalation, and 5% for gastrointestinal anthrax. As sepsis and meningoencephalitis arise as a result of the initial lesion spreading, around 4% of primary meningitis cases have been reported.

In addition to that, injectional anthrax is a recently characterized clinical type of anthrax that has been documented in heroin users because of injecting spore-contaminated heroin, with a death rate of ~9-33%.

The market for anthrax disease concentrates on prevention, diagnosis, and treatment. Security and public health concerns dominate the market for anthrax-related products and services, rather than conventional market dynamics driven by consumer demand.

In the anthrax landscape, the development of curative medicines that are less expensive and have fewer side effects is also crucial. This provides several chances for industry participants to enter this sector. Efforts in this area are largely aimed at preparing for and responding to possible anthrax-related occurrences, whether they occur naturally or as a result of bioterrorism.

Market research and consulting services of DiseaseLandscape Insights (DLI) play a vital role in assisting businesses functioning in the anthrax disease industry. DLI services offer useful insights and strategic counsel that assist businesses in navigating the complicated world of anthrax-related goods and services.

Diagnostic Analysis of Anthrax

Based on the type of anthrax, symptoms, and overall health of the patient the diagnostic tests are performed. One or a combination of tests is used to detect anthrax correctly. The following tests are available in the market to diagnose anthrax.

  1. Biopsy

Biopsy of skin is the technique in which a small portion of skin is removed and tested for infection. Cutaneous anthrax is diagnosed with the help of a skin biopsy test.

  1. Blood Tests

Blood tests are the basic and initial procedure to be performed for diagnosis of anthrax. Total blood count is considered to check for infection by measuring the number of cells in the patient. According to NIH, in mild instances, the leukocyte count is frequently less than 10 × 103 cells/µL.

  1. Chest X-ray

Chest X-ray provides the details about the infection by bacteria in the chest. Inhalation anthrax is diagnosed with a chest X-ray test.

  1. Computational Tomography

Computational tomography gives detail images of the chest. Inhalation anthrax is diagnosed with the help of computational tomography. Compared to chest X-rays, computational tomography gives the correct and accurate results for anthrax.

  1. Stool Testing

A doctor examines a sample of stool for anthrax germs to determine gastrointestinal anthrax.

  1. Spinal Tap (lumbar puncture)

A needle is inserted into your spinal canal and a tiny amount of fluid is withdrawn during this examination. Because of the risk of meningitis, clinicians urge a spinal tap whenever they detect systemic anthrax. 

Diagnostic tests normally take place in public laboratories that are built with the necessary and sometimes expensive equipment as well as highly experienced personnel. The market for anthrax diagnostics is quite clogged, and many industry companies supply goods to this sector.

Using technology and extensive research, industry companies have the opportunity to develop revolutionary low-cost, accurate, and rapid biopsy procedures and imaging tests. Diagnostic procedure advancements and development will increase the bar for significant stakeholders.

The names of market-competing businesses whose breakthrough diagnostic procedures and products are altering healthcare are mentioned below.

Diagnostic Market Player


Becton, Dickinson, and Company

TruGuide™ Disposable Coaxial Biopsy Needle

Innovia Medical

DTR Medical® Adson Bipolar Forceps

World Precision Instruments

E-Z Anesthesia®


Integra LifeSciences

Integra® Meshed Bilayer Wound Matrix

Cipla Limited


Sun Pharmaceuticals Industries Ltd


Fortis Healthcare


Idaho Technology, Inc.

JBAIDS Anthrax Detection System


Anthrax Treatment Analysis

Anthrax is spread widely in the world. So, there is a need to manage the anthrax with proper medications. As the bacteria are present everywhere individuals get affected easily. The treatment options available to manage anthrax are given below.

  1. Antibiotics

Antibiotics help to stop the infection caused by Bacillus anthracis bacteria. The spreading and complications due to infection are restricted by the initial use of antibiotics. Antibiotics are taken orally, via injection, or intravenously (into a vein). Antibiotics are required for the patient for 60 days. Ciprofloxacin and Doxycycline are the two commonly used antibiotics.

  1. Antitoxins

The anthrax toxins are neutralized by antitoxins injectable antibody medicines. There are various antitoxins are available in the market. Obiltoxaximab is a chimeric monoclonal antibody used to prevent and treat the inhalation of anthrax.

However, Raxibacumab is a human monoclonal IgG1 antibody against the Bacillus anthrax protective antigen, which is a key component of the fatal anthrax toxin.

  1. Vaccines

Vaccine is given to the public to prevent them from getting infected with anthrax disease. Three doses of vaccine in around four weeks are given to the persons. BioThrax® vaccine is available in the market to prevent the outbreak of anthrax disease.

Development of a combination of antibiotics, research on new antibiotic sources, low-cost techniques for extraction of antibiotics, novel vaccine production, and research on antitoxins are the main areas where market players should enter into the anthrax treatment industry. 

Market participants use DiseaseLandscape Insights' market research and consulting services to find opportunities and prosper in the treatment industry. We help to stay stronger and ahead of the competition by doing in-depth analyses of treatment alternatives, new goods, and technology. DLI provides major support in the planning, execution, and review of clinical studies for novel medication development.

The below table highlights the names of market players who are evolving the treatment industry and their product names which help to promote the health of patients.

Treatment Market Player


Cipla Ltd.

Ciprofloxacin (Cipro®)

Ralingtonpharma LLP

Doxycycline (Doryx®)

Emergent BioDefense Operations Lansing LLC


Elusys Therapeutics, Inc.

Sfl Pharmaceuticals Deutschland Gmb H

Obiltoxaximab – Anthim®

Emergent Manufacturing Operations Baltimore LLC.

Raxibacumab – Raxibacumab®

Reddy's Laboratories


Emergent Product Development Gaithersburg Inc.


Cangene Corporation



Regulatory Framework for Anthrax

To launch a drug/ vaccine for any manufacturer it is essential that the regulatory requirements and standards are fulfilled. Recently, Cfendus, a vaccine for post-exposure prophylaxis of disease following suspected or confirmed exposure to Bacillus anthracis (anthrax), was authorized by the FDA on July 20, 2023, when used in combination with indicated antibacterial medications.

DiseaseLandscape Insights examines the regulatory landscape for anthrax disease in several countries. DLI services serve the market participant with knowledge of global import/export regulations, risk analysis guidelines, and inspection. Market participants use DLI data to prevent and control anthrax outbreaks.

Competitive Analysis

In order to increase their level of competition, a number of multinational industries are focusing on producing new goods and improving the use of technology to improve existing operations. Companies are also focusing on methods to broaden the range of products they offer, most frequently through partnerships and obtaining regulatory permission for new pharmaceuticals, medical advancements, and technologies.

However, competitors like EMERGENT BIOSOLUTIONS INC. agreed to a follow-up contract with the CDC in December 2016 that will supply up to 29.4 million doses of the BioThrax vaccine for administration into the SNS during a five-year period ending in September 2021. The company received a no-fee contract extension on September 29, 2021, bringing the USG's purchase of the BioThrax vaccine forward to March 31, 2022. In accordance with this contract, all deliveries must be finished by August 2022.

The launching of vaccines in the market has created public awareness about the product and disease in public. The invention has increased the overall revenue of the company. Research and development in the vaccine market of anthrax set the standard for other market players.

DiseaseLandscape Insights helps industry firms by providing in-depth knowledge about all current market participants, their innovations, strategies, and alliances. It also aids in the selection of the best market opportunities to grow exponentially.

Market Trends

However, in reaction to growing dangers or advances in anthrax defences, regulatory authorities modified their regulations and guidance. Companies in this industry must remain current on regulatory developments. Such new regulations encourage key players to do focused research and grow continuously.

Moreover, governments and organizations continue to invest in anthrax preparation, such as vaccinations, medicines, and diagnostic technologies. The priority is to provide quick and efficient responses to any anthrax epidemics or bioterrorism attacks. Market players have tremendous scope in the diagnostic and treatment field of anthrax to expand their business.

Companies improve anthrax disease management on a larger scale by investing in technologies connected to global health security, such as data management, surveillance, and information-sharing platforms. Technological investments help the company to generate huge revenue and collaborate with other companies.

The major stakeholders have a wide range of chances in the realm of therapy and diagnostics overall. The anthrax disease industry has been quite profitable for the current participants. The extent and economics of the worldwide market for anthrax therapy and diagnostics have expanded as a result of new advancements.


DiseaseLandscape Insights (DLI) research and consulting services give evidence that drives strategic decisions and encourages innovation, making them an important resource for business professionals, regulators, investors, and healthcare providers. As the anthrax market evolves, it is crucial for participants to collaborate, adapt, and seize opportunities for growth and improvement.

DiseaseLandscape Insights gives the knowledge and perspective necessary for the key stakeholders involved in therapeutic product manufacturing. Organizations in the market more easily plan and conduct out clinical trials for innovative medicines and pharmaceuticals, patient recruiting methods, and regulatory compliance with the help of DLI services.

These changes enable experts to do specialized R&D, learn about contract manufacturing industries, and identify raw material providers. DiseaseLandscape Insights (DLI) assists all market actors in getting a stronger foothold in the anthrax industry.

Vishal SawantBusiness Development

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